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Westside for Skinny Bastards A modified lifting program for "Hardgainers"

Testosterone

by Joe DeFranco
This article originally appeared on www.T-mag.com

I'm a gym scientist. My lab is the weight room and my lab rats are my athletes. Many of these "lab rats" are doing the program you're about to read. My experiments have proven one thing: this program works. Below I've provided four real-world success stories to prove it.

These four athletes represent only a fraction of the amazing results I've seen with this program. Below you'll see examples of normal high school kids who swore it was "impossible" for them to gain weight. Well, look at them now. These kids have packed on slabs of muscle mass using this program and good nutrition - and they're still growing! As a bonus, every one of these "hardgainers" has the strength to match their newfound muscle! See for yourself:

Success Stories of Former Skinny Bastards

John Iannuzzi1
John Iannuzzi 2

John Iannuzzi, 18-year-old high school basketball player. John went from 171 to 186 pounds in 15 weeks. He can perform strict single leg squats holding 100-pound dumbbells. John also possesses a jaw-dropping 37 and a half-inch vertical jump!

Brian Cushing 3
Brian Cushing 4

Brian Cushing, 17-years-old, #2 ranked high school linebacker in the nation. Brian went from 213 to 231 pounds in 16 weeks. He can now perform 3 sets of 8 strict glute-ham raises on an incline with a mini band strapped around his neck! Brian also ran an official 4.5 second 40-yard dash at a major high school combine!

Nick Brandreth 6
Nick Brandreth 5

Nick Brandreth, 17-year-old high school wrestler. Nick gained 12 pounds this off-season on this modified Westside program. He was also able to maintain his newfound muscle throughout the season. He holds the record for career wins at his high school and was undefeated (31-0) in the county and region this year. Nick has performed 77 consecutive suspended chain push-ups on his repetition upper body day!

Jim Dray 9
Jim Dray 8

Jim Dray, 17-years-old, one of the most highly recruited tight ends in the nation. Jim went from 208 to 232 pounds in just 13 weeks. He also improved his 185-pound bench press rep test from 10 to 18 reps while on this program!

The Method and the Madness

Many of my programs are based on the principles popularized by Louie Simmons and the Westside Barbell Club. Through my extensive research and experience, I've found that this system produces the best results. I've also found that, like any other system, you must manipulate it to suit your specific needs.

We're all well aware that the Westside Barbell Club is the home to some of the strongest, most gifted powerlifters in the world. The results this system has produced speaks for itself. The problem is, I don't train powerlifters. In fact, most of the younger athletes who come to me aren't physically prepared to jump into such a demanding program.

My clientele consists mainly of football players, wrestlers, baseball players, hockey players, basketball players, and track & field athletes. These athletes range from high school kids to professionals. Through my experience of working with these different athletes, I'm constantly manipulating the system so it better suits an athlete's specific sport and his training level.

Training

Now, if I were to write about all of the different templates I've designed for the different sports and skill levels, this would be the War and Peace of training articles! I don't think anyone wants to sit at the computer for a couple of hours reading a novel. (My ass hurts just thinking about it!)

Instead of writing a novel about how I manipulate the Westside Barbell system for all of the different athletes I work with, I've decided to do something much more practical for T-Nation readers. I've decided to appeal to the masses!

Let me explain. You see, I get flooded with phone calls and emails every day asking for my advice on getting bigger and stronger. These phone calls range from high school athletes to 40-year-old businessmen. Most of these people are dying to know the "secrets" of getting bigger and stronger. These guys usually sound as if they've been training their entire lives and they've tried every training method known to man. They call me in desperation and in need of a quick fix.

The funny thing is, after getting more info about these people, I find they have no right to be desperate and in need of super-advanced techniques! This is because they usually have three things in common:

#1 - They lack muscle mass.

#2 - They're weak.

#3 - They're inexperienced.

This is where my modified program comes in. And don't be fooled by the name, either. This program isn't just for skinny bastards; you can be a fat bastard and benefit from it as well! Seriously, I've used this program for a wide variety of athletes and "normal" people and it's worked wonders. Simply put, if you're interested in packing on muscle mass and having the strength to back it up, this program is for you.

Westside for Skinny Bastards: The Program

Below you'll find my basic training template for this program. Notice that I provide lots of variety for your exercise selection and rep schemes. I don't like turning people into robots by having them aimlessly follow a set program. Choose the exercises and rep schemes you feel work the best for your body. Add some of your own exercises if you'd like. And if you're not familiar with all the exercises listed, just use the search engine here at T-mag.

After I lay out the basic program, I'll provide some more detail about it at the end of the article.

+++++ Max Effort Upper Body (Monday) +++++

A. MAX-EFFORT LIFT - Work up to a max set of 3-5 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Thick bar or regular barbell bench press
  • Barbell floor press
  • Rack lockouts
  • Board presses
  • Incline barbell bench
  • Close-grip bench press (index finger on smooth part of bar)
  • Decline bench press
  • Weighted dips
Training 1 Training 2

B. SUPPLEMENTAL LIFT - Perform 3-4 sets of 6-10 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Flat dumbbell bench press (palms in or palms forward)
  • Incline dumbbell bench press
  • Decline dumbbell bench press

C. HORIZONTAL ROW - Perform 4 sets of 10-15 reps.

  • Choose one of the following exercises:
  • Chest supported rows
  • Bent-over dumbbell or barbell rows
Training 1 Training 2
  • Seated cable rows (various bars)

 

D. REAR DELT/UPPER BACK - Perform 2-3 sets of 12-15 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Seated rear delt machine
  • Seated dumbbell "power cleans"
  • Bent-over cable flyes (single arm)
  • Standing face pulls
  • Rope pulls to throat
  • Bent-over dumbbell rear delt flyes
  • Cable "scarecrows"(shown below)
Cable "scarecrows"

E. WEIGHTED ABDOMINAL EXERCISE - 3-4 sets of 8-15 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Barbell Russian twists
  • Low-cable pull-ins
  • Hanging leg raises
  • Barbell or dumbbell side bends
  • Weighted Swiss ball crunches
  • Low pulley Swiss ball crunches (shown below)

 

Low pulley Swiss ball crunches 1 Low pulley Swiss ball crunches 2

 


+++++ LOWER BODY - (Wednesday) +++++

A. MAX-EFFORT LIFT - Work up to a max set of 5 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Trap bar deadlift
  • Box squats
  • Rack pulls (partial deadlift)
  • Front squats
  • High bar Olympic squats
  • Straight bar deadlifts (various grips)
Straight bar deadlifts 1 Straight bar deadlifts 2


B. UNILATERAL MOVEMENT
- Perform 3-4 sets of 8-15 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Single leg squats, back leg elevated
  • Barbell step-ups with knee lift
  • Barbell reverse lunges
  • Barbell reverse lunges, front foot elevated
  • Barbell reverse lunges, front foot elevated (with knee lift)
  • Low-pulley split squats, front foot elevated
  • Walking lunges
  • "Speed-skater" squats (1 and a half rep single leg squats)
  • Barbell step-ups
Barbell step-ups

C. HAMSTRING / POSTERIOR CHAIN MOVEMENT - Perform 3-4 sets of 6-10 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Leg curls
  • Glute-ham raises (various resistance, iso-holds, negatives)
  • Romanian deadlifts
  • Seated or standing good mornings
  • Stability ball hamstring lifts
  • Pull-throughs
  • Reverse hypers
Reverse hypers

D. GRIP TRAINING - Perform 3 sets of timed sets.

  • Choose one of the following exercises:
  • Thick bar or heavy dumbbell holds
  • Plate pinch gripping
  • Captains of Crush gripper - 3 sets of max reps each hand.
  • Wrist roller
Wrist roller



++++++ REPETITION UPPER BODY - (Friday) ++++++

A. REPETITION LIFT - Work up to 3 sets of max reps, rest 60 seconds between sets.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Barbell bench press (max reps on 95lbs., 135lbs., 185lbs. or 225lbs.)
  • Regular push-ups, bar push-ups or suspended chain push-ups
  • Bodyweight dips
  • Dumbbell benches on Swiss ball, flat bench or incline bench
Dumbell benches


B. SUPPLEMENTAL LIFT (triceps)
- Perform 3-4 sets of 5-10 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Dumbbell triceps extensions (flat, incline or decline bench)
  • Dumbbell floor presses
  • Rolling triceps extensions
  • Rope pushdowns
  • Skull crushers (EZ bar or straight bar)
Skull crushers


C. VERTICAL PULLING - Perform 4 sets of 8-12 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Lat pulldowns (various bars)
  • Chin-ups or Pull-ups
Vertical pulling


D. MEDIAL DELT or TRAP EXERCISE - Perform 3 sets of 10-15 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Dumbbell side press (single arm)
  • Dumbbell shoulder press (seated or standing)
  • Lateral raises (dumbbell or cable)
  • Barbell or dumbbell shrugs
  • Bradford presses (shown below)
Bradford presses 1 Bradford presses 2
Bradford presses 3


E. ELBOW FLEXION EXERCISE - Perform 3 sets of 8-10 reps.

Choose one of the following exercises:

  • Thick bar curls
  • Preacher curls (EZ bar or straight bar)
  • Regular barbell curls
  • Hammer curls
  • Alternate dumbbell curls (standing or seated incline)
Alternate dumbbell curls


F. ABDOMINAL CIRCUIT TRAINING

Just pick a variety of ab exercises and perform them in circuit fashion with no rest between exercises.

Ab exercises


NOTE: Athletes who are approaching their season and want to incorporate running/conditioning/GPP work into their program can break up the week as follows:

  • MONDAY (A.M.) - MAX-EFFORT Upper Body lift
  • MONDAY (P.M.) - Sprint work, conditioning, GPP or skill training
  • TUESDAY - OFF or Restoration techniques
  • WEDNESDAY - Sprint work, conditioning, GPP or skill training
  • THURSDAY - REPETITION Upper Body lift
  • FRIDAY - Sprint work, conditioning, GPP or skill training
  • SATURDAY - Lower Body lift
  • SUNDAY - OFF or Restoration techniques

Major Modifications

Now, before all of the hardcore Westside "disciples" start grumbling, remember that this program is not intended for advanced powerlifters. It's intended for athletes and regular people looking to pack on some muscle mass without being "all-show, no-go."

Below I've provided descriptions of how the key components of this program have been manipulated from the traditional Westside template.


Max Effort Upper Body Day
- The max effort method is the best method for developing maximal strength. In my opinion, max effort work should be the "nuts and bolts" of any strength-training program. If you're weak, you're dead!

Remember that most athletic qualities (sprinting speed, jumping power, etc.) rely heavily on your foundation of maximal strength. This is because maximal strength builds the foundation for all other strength qualities such as speed-strength and strength-endurance.

Your first exercise on this day will be your max-effort exercise. Traditionally, most advanced lifters will work up to a one-rep max on this exercise. This is very neurologically demanding on your system and it takes great coordination. Because most beginner and intermediate lifters are less neurologically efficient, we'll shoot for a 3-5 rep max on our max-effort lift in this modified program. This still enables the lifter to train with maximal loads, but it's much safer than going for a one-rep max. The extra reps also increase the time under tension, which can lead to greater hypertrophy (size) gains.

I recommend rotating your max-effort exercise every two to three weeks to prevent your nervous system from getting burned out. Whether you shoot for a 3-rep max or a 5-rep max, the goal is to break your previous record every week!


Lower Body Day -
Unlike a traditional Westside template, you'll notice there's only one major lower body day in this modified program. There's a reason for this: most beginner/intermediate athletes couldn't recover from two lower body days a week in conjunction with their running and conditioning work. Their legs would never fully recover and it would take away from their speed and conditioning workouts. One day has worked out much better for many of my athletes.

(If you're not an athlete or you only play one sport and it's your off-season, check out the "Extra Workouts, GPP, Conditioning Days" description below for adding another day to your lower body training.)

The first exercise on your lower body day will be a max effort lift. You'll work up to a max set of five reps in this lift. This lift will be rotated every two to three weeks as well.

On this modified program you'll always follow your max effort exercise with a unilateral exercise. This is one of the major differences between this program and a traditional Westside template.

I incorporate unilateral movements for many reasons. First of all, most athletes develop muscular imbalances between limbs. Unilateral exercises are a great way to overcome these imbalances. They also improve flexibility, balance and overall conditioning.

The unilateral exercises I prescribe are mostly quad-dominant exercises. Yes, I said the four-letter word, quad. The quads have gotten a bad rap lately, while the "posterior chain" has taken center stage. We must remember that the quads are extremely important for athletes and you can't neglect them. The quads are very active when an athlete accelerates into a sprint due to their forward body lean. The quad muscle on the inside of your knee (vastus medialis) also plays a major role in stabilizing the knee.

Finally, one of the most overlooked aspects in all of training is grip and hand strength. Improving your grip and hand strength will help with numerous athletic activities. We usually do our grip training after leg workouts. You'll see some of my favorite grip exercises in the training template.


Repetition Upper Body Day -
I've substituted dynamic-effort days with repetition days for the upper body. This may be the biggest change from the traditional Westside template. I've also found it to be one of the keys to success for muscular growth in my younger athletes. Simply put, dynamic days just aren't that productive for weak, skinny bastards!

Remember that this modified program was put together for athletes who lack muscle mass. Well, the repetition method is an incredible way to elicit muscular hypertrophy. Compared to a smaller muscle, a bigger muscle has a better chance of becoming a stronger muscle. Packing on some muscle mass by means of the repetition method lays a great foundation for the more advanced dynamic days to come.

I even substitute dynamic days with repetition days for my NFL football players during the initial stages of the off-season. This is because repetition work is easier on the joints following a grueling season and it's a great way to pack on any muscle that was lost during the season.


Extra Workouts, GPP, Conditioning Days
- Remember that my entire clientele consists of athletes. That's the reason why there's "only" three lifting days on my template. I don't use this program for bodybuilders or physique-geeks. I must leave room for conditioning workouts, GPP (general physical preparedness) and skill training.

If you're a non-athlete just looking to pack on some size and strength, you can incorporate "extra workouts" on non-workout days. Since Wednesday is your only leg day, I recommend a lower body sled-dragging workout on Saturday. This is just one example.

There's a lot of room for variety in this training template. That's what I love about it. Get creative and find out what works for you!


About the Author

Joe DeFranco's training techniques have become a hot topic worldwide. This did not happen by accident. The training programs Joe develops and the athletes he produces speak for themselves. You can learn more about Joe, his athletes, and his techniques at http://www.defrancostraining.com/.

Joe DeFranco

 

64 Comments

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  1. when you say you work up to a max set of 3-5 reps does that you mean you do other sets of 3-5 reps at various weights? and how many sets should you do? Also I really like deadlifts is there anyway I could do squats and deadlifts in the same week or is that too much?
  2. hehe ... its funny... the title is for the hardgainers... but the sample trainees are heavy... some are 213 pounds... is that a skinny person?
  3. Hi, great looking program. Can you please tell me how many sets you work to on the max lift exercises. Many thanks
  4. thank you for sharing all this information, really it is very helpful for those who work out and as well as for body builders also. and i just suggest that you may see the prohormones reviews.
  5. thank you for sharing all this information, really it is very helpful for those who work out and as well as for body builders also. and i just suggest that you may see the prohormones reviews>
  6. How many sets do we do to work up to the max set day? Im confused about that.
  7. the names Andrew, im an offensive lineman in high school. I've used this program for the last 2 years and I went from 290 to 275. I didn't just lose weight I've gained weight too. I lost 55 pounds of fat and gained 40 pounds of muscle with a 7% body fat percentage. Im continuing to use this program in the offseason. I was also the starting center for my team this year. ill be a senior next year and I hope to be an offensive lineman at liberty university. Joe I was curious how many offensive lineman in the nfl do you and have trained.
  8. haha, fine program for an athlete looking to improve his sports game and not be too fatigued from the gym. For the average joe who doesnt play sports and wants to get huge/ripped? terrible.
  9. This is pretty much the same schedule my power lifting team was on except we had 2 lower body days, so not much time to do alot of running :/ but I'm definitely starting this soon!
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  11. Is this a good workout template Mon- Max Chest&Back Tues- Rep Shoulder & Arms Wednesday-Max lower body Thursday- Rep Chest and back Friday- Max Shoulder & Arms Saturday- Rep lower body And how many exercise for each muscle group
  12. Hey guys, I'm interested in doing this programme, but i want to incorporate military press and power cleans. Could you recommend me what i should substitute for these two lifts?
  13. Hey guys, I'm interested in doing this programme, but i want to incorporate military press and power cleans. Could you recommend me what i should substitute for these two lifts?
  14. Hey guys, I'm interested in doing this programme, but i want to incorporate military press and power cleans. Could you recommend me what i should substitute for these two lifts?
  15. Hi great guide, it slowly working for me. Im very eager and love training. Is it bad doing 3 days of upperbody (the max sessions) a week? I know recovery is needed, but so many people live in the gym - and this guide is really just three days, max, leg and rep. Thanks mate
  16. Hey! So I've been on this program for a month but I messed for the first few weeks because I was doing more exercises than needed :/ I haven't made any gains for my bench press yet. I did 135x12 in may but now I can barely get that on a good day. What do you recommend to increase my bench perss?
  17. Hi What kind of nutrition and calorie suplus should you be working with to get best out of this programme? Thanks stu
  18. On your sets of say dumbell bench. Your 4 sets of 8? Can the be progressive sets like - 65x8, 75x8, 85x8, 95x8, or should they all be 4x90x8?
  19. Coach..i have a question related to the dynamic lower body day...what weight should i chose to perform 12 reps on Romanian Deadlift..if i could perform one rep at 140 kg ( 60kg bodyweight 1.67 m)
  20. hey just a thought but a link to each exercise might be helpful in case someone doesn't know what that exercise is. Like link the exercise in your writing?

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